GETTING STARTED: What do I have to do?
First, you must go to a special web site called SONA (http://pennstate.sona-systems.com/). When you arrive, you will log in using your PSU access ID (e.g., xyz123) and your regular PSU password. Once you initially log in, you will be asked to answer a few short questions. One of the main questions you will answer is if you want to participate in research or complete alternative assignments instead. Most students participate in research, but there are some exceptions where a student may choose to complete alternative assignments instead. You will be asked some basic demographic questions that can help researchers determine if you are eligible for particular studies throughout the semester. IMPORTANT: You must be 18 years or older to participate in research. Please see information below if you are under 18 years.
Second, each student in PSYCH 100 and PSYCH 105 on the University Park Campus must sign-up and participate in 6 total “hours” or “credits” of research. You will sign-up via the SONA website indicated in step 1 above. Partial credit is awarded for students who participate in less than 6 “hours” or “credits”. Most studies are 1 hour long or less. You have until the last week of classes (before final’s week) to complete the 6 required “hours” or “credits”
Third, you MUST check your PSU email regularly for Subject Pool/SONA information. Sometimes email about SONA is inadvertently filtered into your junk mail or spam folders. Please check these folders to make sure that you do not miss out on important SONA information.
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What if I am 17 now, but will turn 18 during the semester?
If you are 17 now, but will turn 18 during the semester you, you have two choices:
- You can sign into SONA immediately and sign up for and complete the “Research Alternative” assignments.
- You can wait until you turn 18 to sign into the SONA system (this is recommended if you are turning 18 within the first 6 weeks of the semester). Once, signed in as an 18 year old, you can choose to participate in research.
Research Participation Information for Adults (18 years or older)
(18 years old or older with no objection)
Some people, described as conscientious objectors, may refuse to participate in research on the basis of religious or moral principles or beliefs. The information below is for people that are 18 years of age or older who have chosen to participate in research.
Why do I have to do it and what will I learn?
What is the best therapy for depression? Do some people really have a photographic memory? Do birds of a feather flock together or do opposites attract? For the most part, the material taught in psychology courses is the product of psychological research. To increase your familiarity with psychological research, all PSYCH 100 and PSYCH 105 students are required to participate in research activities sponsored by the Psychology Department that are offered through the departmental Subject Pool. This research participation will count as 3% of your course grade (in other words, if you do not participate in any research activities you lose 3% of the total course points).
Students in some 200-level psychology courses may also get opportunities to participate. Students in these courses should consult the course syllabus to learn how participation will count towards the course grade.
Research participation provides opportunities for students to see and experience the methods and procedures used to study the human mind and behavior. Participation can also help students dispel myths about psychological research (most of it does not involve rats and mazes, inkblots, or hypnosis) and become better consumers and critics of studies reported by the media. Since careers involving scientific psychology require research, participation can also help students preview aspects of psychology as a career.
How do I sign up to participate in research?
You need to make appointments with researchers to participate and earn course credit. Use the SONA web site (http://pennstate.sona-systems.com/) to make appointments. When you arrive, log into SONA using your PSU login, click on “VIEW AVAILABLE STUDIES.” Click on the name or the “Timeslots Available” box for the study you want to learn more about. Please pay attention to the information about eligibility. Not everyone is eligible to participate in every study. Read the information about the study carefully. If you are interested in participating, click on “View Time Slots for This Study.” Click on the sign-up box for the time you want.
Typically, it takes researchers a few weeks to get research studies ready. You should plan to complete one hour of research participation within the first few weeks of the semester, more hours throughout the middle weeks of the semester, and your final hour or two in the final weeks of the semester.
How do I get credit once I participate in research?
Students will receive course credit, not money, for participating in the studies included in this subject pool. Students are welcome to participate in studies offered outside of the pool that offer monetary compensation, but those studies cannot be used to meet subject-pool participation requirements.
Researchers will update your Subject Pool account electronically. You can check to see if your credit has been updated electronically by using the SONA web site (use the ‘My Schedule/Credits’ link). It may take researchers a few days to update your credit.
Note: The Subject Pool web site tracks your research participation. Your instructor tracks your other course credit separately.
Unexcused missed appointments (aka "No Shows")
Keeping appointments is very, very important. First, most experiments require a lot of work to prepare, so it is rude to skip the appointment when someone has prepared for you. Second, when you sign up and then skip the appointment you take an opportunity to earn course credit away from another student.
At the beginning of the semester, you are required to participate in 6 hrs. of research activities. If you miss too many appointments, you may not be able to complete the participation requirement and earn the full amount of credit.
If you complete the research participation requirement fully, you will earn 3% of your course grade. Clearly, the best strategy is not to have any unexcused absences.
What if I made an appointment, but I can't remember when or where it is?
You can use the ‘My Schedule/Credits’ link to view appointment information. Note that this button only appears after you’ve created a personal account and signed up for a research activity. Once you select the relevant study, you’ll see a list that includes all of the needed information.
If you make an appointment with a researcher over the phone or through email (as a follow-up to Group Testing), you are responsible for getting contact information from the person who contacts you.
What if I have to cancel an appointment or contact the researcher?
To see contact information for the researcher use the ‘My Schedule/Credits’ link and then select the relevant study.
As long as you cancel more than 24 hours in advance, you can usually cancel an appointment without penalty. To cancel an appointment, log onto the SONA web site and use the ‘View or cancel my study appointments” located under the “My Schedule& Credits” heading. If it is less than 24 hours before the appointment, you must contact the experimenter (using the information listed). Try to contact the experimenter directly (phone, in person) if you need to give short notice.
The experimenter is not obligated to agree with your request to cancel. This is because some experiments require a day or more to prepare. If the experimenter refuses to cancel, then you must keep the appointment or you will receive a “no-show.” If you feel that this is unfair (because of a truly unavoidable emergency), please email firstname.lastname@example.org to explain.
What if I show up for an experiment and no one else is there?
First, go to the SONA web site and click on the ‘My Schedule/Credit Check’ link to make sure that you went to the right place at the right time. If you did, then please contact the subject pool administrator (email@example.com) with details.
Can I do more than the required amount for extra credit?
For PSYCH 100 and PSYCH 105 students the answer is – YES. Once you have completed 6 hours of participation, you are welcome to participate in up to 2 more hours for extra credit. Students who participate in 6 or more hours without getting a “no show” will also earn an additional percentage point of extra credit. Please see your course syllabus for information about how this additional participation will count towards your course grade.
Is research participation safe?
Qualified researchers review each study before it is cleared for use. Most (but not all) studies ask you to do some kind of simple task (e.g., paper-and-pencil task, computerized task, use a map, watch videos, express opinions, etc.) You will not be asked to do anything that is obviously harmful or dangerous.
Also, (and this is important) researchers MUST get your consent before beginning the study. Researchers are required to explain experimental procedures and give you the chance to ask questions before you participate. If they don’t, or if you find the procedure objectionable, you can choose not to participate. You may also choose to stop participating at any time if you become uncomfortable with the procedures.