Professor of Psychology
- Ph. D., Ohio State University, 1996
Investigating the drivers of effective teamwork and performance is the central focus of my research program. Given the preponderance of team-based structures in work settings, teams are currently one of the most actively researched areas in Industrial/Organizational psychology. Secondary lines of research focus on leadership and decision making. These areas of study intersect in that they emphasize the role of individual differences, cognition, and temporality as dominant themes.
My research follows three streams: team composition/diversity, team cognition/mental models, and the integration of time in team and leadership research.
- Team performance depends, in part, on how successfully the diverse abilities, knowledge, and characteristics of members are leveraged or squandered. Thus, I have examined a wide range of individual differences, including demographics, cognitive ability, experience, and personality traits. I adopt a contingency and multilevel perspective in that the study of who is in the team (composition) is combined with an understanding of how the team is functioning (processes) and what the team is doing (task context) to predict team effectiveness.
- Team cognition broadly reflects the cognitive activity occurring within a team. Although I investigate various forms of team cognition (e.g., cognitive consensus, transactive memory systems), my emphasis has been on team mental models, which highlight the importance of team members “being on the same page” with regard to how they view the group task and how they work together as a team.
- Across both team composition and team cognition research streams, a focus on the integration of temporal and team dynamics has become fundamental to my research. I have examined time-based characteristics (e.g., time urgency, polychronicity, pacing styles) as a previously unexplored, but potentially potent, form of diversity operating in teams. In addition, I have infused a temporal focus into the study of team cognition to better reflect the context of organizational teams. Recent research has explored temporal leadership and temporal conflict.
Mohammed, S., Hamilton, K., Tesler, R., Mancuso, V., & McNeese, M. Time for temporal team mental models: Expanding beyond “what” and “how” to incorporate “when” (2015). European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology (special issue, dynamics of Team Adaptation and Cognition), 24 (5), 693-709.
Gevers, J.M. P., Mohammed, S., & Baytalskaya, N. (in press). The conceptualization and measurement of pacing style. Applied Psychology: An International Review. doi/10.1111/apps.12016/pdf
Mohammed, S., & Nadkarni, S. (2014). Are we all on the same temporal page? The moderating effects of temporal team cognition on the polychronicity diversity-team performance relationship. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99(3), 404-422.
Mohammed, S., & Alipour, K. K. (2014). It’s time for temporal leadership: Individual, dyadic, team, and organizational effects. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 7, 178-182.
Mohammed, S., & Harrison, D. (2013). The clocks that time us are not the same: A theory of temporal diversity, task characteristics, and performance in teams. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 122(2), 244-256.
Mohammed, S., & Hamilton, K. (2012). Studying team cognition: The good, the bad, and the practical. In A. B. Hollingshead & M. S. Poole (Eds.), Research Methods for Studying Groups and Teams: A Guide to Approaches, Tools, and Technologies (pp. 132-153). New York: Routledge.
Mohammed, S., Tesler, R., & Hamilton, K. (2012). Time and shared cognition: Towards greater integration of temporal dynamics. In E. Salas, S. Fiore, & M. Letsky (Eds.), Theories of Team Cognition: Cross Disciplinary Perspectives (pp. 87-116). New York: Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Mohammed, S., & Nadkarni, S. (2011). Temporal diversity and team performance: The moderating role of temporal leadership. Academy of Management Journal, 54(3), 489-508.