Research Participation Information for AdultsBack to top
(18 years old or older with no objection)
Some people, described as conscientious objectors, may refuse to participate in research on the basis of religious or moral principles or beliefs. The information below is for people that are 18 years of age or older who do NOT have a conscientious objection to participating in experiments or research studies.
- Why do I have to do it?
- What am I going to learn?
- What do I have to do?
- Group Testing
- Is research participation safe?
- How do I sign up to participate in research?
- How do I get credit once I sign up for research?
- Unexcused/Missed absences
- What if I made an appointment, but I can't remember when or where it is?
- What if I have to cancel an appointment or contact the researcher?
- What if I had an emergency and could not cancel in time?
- What if I show up for an experiment and no one else is there?
- Can I do more than the required amount for extra credit?
Why do I have to do it?Back to top
What is the best therapy for depression? Do some people really have a photographic memory? Do birds of a feather flock together or do opposites attract? For the most part, the material taught in psychology courses is the product of psychological research. To increase your familiarity with psychological research, all PSYCH 100 and PSYCH 105 students are required to participate in research activities sponsored by the Psychology Department that are offered through the departmental Subject Pool. This research participation will count as 3% of your course grade (in other words, if you do not participate in any research activities you lose 3% of the total course points).
Students in some 200-level psychology courses may also get opportunities to participate. Students in these courses should consult the course syllabus to learn how participation will count towards the course grade.
What am I going to learn?Back to top
Research participation provides opportunities for students to see and experience the methods and procedures used to study the human mind and behavior. Participation can also help students dispel myths about psychological research (most of it does not involve rats and mazes, inkblots, or hypnosis) and become better consumers and critics of studies reported by the media. Since careers involving scientific psychology require research, participation can also help students preview aspects of psychology as a career.
What do I have to do?Back to top
First, you must go to a special web site called the Subject Pool (http://pennstate.sona-systems.com/) and create your Subject Pool account. When you arrive, it will look like you can just type in your Penn State ID and Password to access the Subject Pool – you can't. The Subject Pool system is independent of other Penn State systems, so you must set up an independent account. To set up your account, click on the blue 'Request Account' button located at the right side of the screen. You will need to enter a User ID – enter your Penn State email address (e.g., email@example.com).
Please make sure you indicate your course correctly. Students taking an introductory psychology course should indicate that they are in PSYCH 100. PSYCH 100 students should make sure they indicate the section they are in correctly. Students taking Psychology as a Science and Professions should indicate that they are in PSYCH 105. Some of our courses are offered online through the World Campus. Student should make sure they select the correct classroom-based course (indicated with a UP for University Park) or online course (indicated with a World Campus designation). Students at other campuses should not participate in this subject pool.
IMPORTANT: If you change sections of PSYCH 100 after you have created your Subject Pool account you MUST contact the Subject Pool Administrator to have your course status changed. Otherwise, your credit information could go to the wrong instructor, and may not be counted in your course grade.
Once you request an account, you MUST check your PSU email regularly for Subject Pool information. Sometimes email about the Subject Pool is inadvertently filtered into your junk mail or spam folders. Please check these folders to make sure that you do not miss out on important Subject Pool information (including new account information).
Second, after receiving your account information, you must login to the Subject Pool and answer a few short questions.
Third, PSYCH 100 and PSYCH 105 students must sign-up and participate in 6 total hours of research studies. Partial credit is awarded when students participate in less than 6 hours. Most studies are 1 hr. long, but a few are longer (2 hrs. or more) and some are shorter (1/2 hr.). If an experiment does not take the entire time (e.g., a 1 hr. experiment only takes you 50 min), you are still awarded the full time.
Students in participating 200-level psychology courses should consult the course syllabus to learn about participation requirements.
Group Testing (a.k.a. The Mass Screening)Back to top
Group Testing (a.k.a. The Mass Screening) is a great opportunity to start earning research participation credit early in the semester. If you participate, you will get an opportunity to see a variety of surveys and questionnaires used by psychologists. The goal of Group Testing is to identify students with certain attributes (e.g., women or men with certain personality characteristics) that might be willing to participate in follow-up studies. You can participate in Group Testing even if you do not want researchers to use your data or do not wish to participate in follow-up studies.
Please do NOT wait to be contacted about follow-up studies. Even if you are contacted, participating in a follow-up study is usually not enough to fulfill the entire research participation requirement. ALL STUDENTS should take the initiative and participate in experiments posted on the Subject Pool web site throughout the semester.
Is research participation safe?Back to top
Qualified researchers review each study before it is cleared for use. Most (but not all) studies ask you to do some kind of simple task (e.g., paper-and-pencil task, computerized task, use a map, watch videos, express opinions, etc.) You will not be asked to do anything that is obviously harmful or dangerous.
Also, (and this is important) researchers MUST get your consent before beginning the study. Researchers are required to explain experimental procedures and give you the chance to ask questions before you participate. If they don't, or if you find the procedure objectionable, you can choose not to participate. You may also choose to stop participating at any time if you become uncomfortable with the procedures.
How do I sign up to participate in research?Back to top
You need to make appointments with researchers to participate and earn course credit. Use the Subject Pool web site (http://pennstate.sona-systems.com/) to make appointments. When you arrive, click on “VIEW AVAILABLE STUDIES.” Click on the name or the “Timeslots Available” box for the study you want to learn more about. Please pay attention to the information about eligibility. Not everyone is eligible to participate in every study. Read the information about the study carefully. If you are interested in participating, click on “View Time Slots for This Study.” Click on the sign up box for the time you want.
Typically, it takes researchers a few weeks to get research studies ready. You should plan to complete one hour of research participation within the first few weeks of the semester, more hours throughout the middle weeks of the semester, and your final hour or two in the final weeks of the semester.
NOTE: You must use your Penn State email address for the User ID (Not your student 9 digit number)
How do I get credit once I participate in research?Back to top
Students will receive course credit, not money, for participating in the studies included in this subject pool. Students are welcome to participate in studies offered outside of the pool that offer monetary compensation, but those studies cannot be used to meet subject-pool participation requirements.
Researchers will update your Subject Pool account electronically. You can check to see if your credit has been updated electronically by using the Subject Pool web site (use the 'My Schedule/Credits' link). It may take researchers a few days to update your credit.
Note: The Subject Pool web site tracks your research participation. Your instructor tracks your other course credit separately.
Unexcused missed appointments (aka "No Shows")Back to top
Keeping appointments is very, very important. First, most experiments require a lot of work to prepare, so it is rude to skip the appointment when someone has prepared for you. Second, when you sign up and then skip the appointment you take an opportunity to earn course credit away from another student.
At the beginning of the semester, you are required to participate in 6 hrs. of research activities. If you miss too many appointments, you may not be able to complete the participation requirement and earn the full amount of credit.
If you complete the research participation requirement fully, you will earn 3% of your course grade. Clearly, the best strategy is not to have any unexcused absences.
What if I made an appointment, but I can't remember when or where it is?Back to top
You can use the 'My Schedule/Credits' link to view appointment information. Note that this button only appears after you've created a personal account and signed up for a research activity. Once you select the relevant study, you'll see a list that includes all of the needed information.
If you make an appointment with a researcher over the phone or through email (as a follow-up to Group Testing), you are responsible for getting contact information from the person who contacts you.
What if I have to cancel an appointment or contact the researcher?Back to top
To see contact information for the researcher use the 'My Schedule/Credits' link and then select the relevant study.
As long as you cancel more than 24 hours in advance, you can usually cancel an appointment without penalty. To cancel an appointment, log onto the Subject Pool web site and use the 'View or cancel my study appointments” located under the “My Schedule& Credits” heading. If it is less than 24 hours before the appointment, you must contact the experimenter (using the information listed). Try to contact the experimenter directly (phone, in person) if you need to give short notice.
The experimenter is not obligated to agree with your request to cancel. This is because some experiments require a day or more to prepare. If the experimenter refuses to cancel, then you must keep the appointment or you will receive a "no-show." If you feel that this is unfair (because of a truly unavoidable emergency), please email firstname.lastname@example.org to explain.
What if I had an emergency and couldn't cancel in time?Back to top
Contact the subject pool administrator (email@example.com). Please do not contact the experimenter, your instructor, or your TA.
What if I show up for an experiment and no one else is there?Back to top
First, go to the Subject Pool web site and click on the 'My Schedule/Credit Check' link to make sure that you went to the right place at the right time. If you did, then please contact the subject pool administrator (firstname.lastname@example.org) with details.
Can I do more than the required amount for extra credit?Back to top
For PSYCH 100 and PSYCH 105 students the answer is - YES. Once you have completed 6 hours of participation, you are welcome to participate in up to 2 more hours for extra credit. Students who participate in 6 or more hours without getting a "no show" will also earn an additional percentage point of extra credit. Please see your course syllabus for information about how this additional participation will count towards your course grade.